Every day, clean, renewable, and sustainable energy is needed to advance social, economic, and environmental wellbeing, which promotes productivity and economic growth. The focus of the research has been on the resurgence of renewable energy sources as a great means of assisting in the mitigation of climate change and environmental health. This research intends to assess the viability of renewable energy sources and explore how switching from fossil fuel-based energy sources to renewable energy sources could help mitigate the effects of climate change. The most recent developments in the production of energy andbiofuels from lignocellulose biomasses have demonstrated the viability of the chemical transformation process when using cutting-edge technology like bioreactors and refineries. Government regulations must encourage technological advancements in academia and business that can help develop high-value fuels and products from varied biomasses in order to fully realize the promise of bio refineries. This study examined the potential of renewable energy sources, as well as energy security, access to energy, social and economic advancement, and climate change mitigation to lessen its negative effects on the environment and human health.